Author: Subhagya Nair, Updated on 20/04/2020
A healthy unbroken skin is the body’s first line of defence to fight any infection or bacteria. The body is remarkable in its ability to fight any infection.
Bacteria can enter the body through breaks in the skin such as a cut or scratch, by breathing, byways of eyes and ears and by mouth by way of foods and liquids.
Bacteria are also commonly known as germs or microbes and they can only be seen with the aid of a microscope. There are hundreds of different kinds of bacteria, but we will primarily concern ourselves with pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria.
The non-pathogenic bacteria are of least concern as they are harmless and beneficial. They improve the fertility of the soil and fermentation as they live on dead matter. The pathogenic bacteria to be more specific, termed as germs or microbes are harmful and produce diseases. They require a living matter for their growth. It is because of this bacteria that sanitary conditions must be followed for any of your cosmetic products and its applicators.
The pathogenic bacteria can cause you illness starting from puss, boil, blisters to pneumonia, influenza etc... it becomes a threat to health when the body is unable to cope with their harmful toxins. A disease is called contagious when it can spread from one person to another.
None of this can be seen with the naked eye and so it is very important to practice cleanliness and sanitization at all times.
Sterilization and Sanitization
Sterilization is the process of making an object germ free by the destruction of all kinds of bacteria whether beneficial or harmful. Sanitization is the science and practice of effecting healthful and hygienic conditions.
Sterilization is done effectively by destroying the bacteria by intense heat such as boiling, steaming or ultraviolet rays... Sanitization is done with disinfectants or antiseptics or also using rubbing alcohol.